Green Composites

A composite material is a material made from two or more constituent materials with significantly different physical or chemical properties that, when combined, produce a material with characteristics different from the individual components. The individual components remain separate and distinct within the finished structure.

Natural fiber-reinforced composites

Hemp fiber-reinforced composites are currently only used in the automotive sector due to their superior performance, but at higher costs than conventional glass fibers. To enhance the market for natural fiber-reinforced composites to mass-markets, the costs of the fibers need to be reduced. Currently, hemp is mainly cultivated on good arable land, where production is quite expensive. Cost reduction could be achieved by extending hemp production to low-productive or contaminated land.
Another option is to replace hemp fibers by cheaper miscanthus fibers. Performance of miscanthus fibers is less good compared to hemp, but at the same time there is a very promising potential for cost reductions. This will open up mass-markets, which are currently dominated by glass-fiber products, for biobased products, since here the price is the main criteria. For this reason it is crucial to demonstrate that miscanthus fibers can be provided at similar costs and performance than glass fibers.

In GRACE, Addiplast developed two new composite materials containing 30% miscanthus fibers for dashboard elements in the automotive sector. Both novel materials are meanwhile listed in the car automotive panel and for this reason available on the market. Starting with the first car model in 2023, the commercialisation plan foresees an increasing number of car models being equipped with dashboard elements using these materials in the following years.

Responible partner

Natural fiber-reinforced biobased composites

Fibre-reinforced plastic (FRP) is a composite material made of a polymer matrix reinforced with fibres. Within Grace Project biobased composites with high renewable levels will be developed combining hemp natural fibers with bio-based plastic material.

In GRACE, Novamont successfully developed biobased and biodegradable polymers and natural fiber reinforcaed composites for agricultural applications. The application of the improved materials was successfully demonstrated for planting pots and agricultural films. The products have been further developed throughout the project and ar meanwhile close to commercialisation.

Responible partner


The GRACE project has received funding from the Bio-Based Industries Joint Undertaking (BBI JU) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 745012.

Bio based Industries Consortium

Bio based Industries Public-Private Parnership

European Union