One important social benefit of the project is the use of marginal land previously uncultivated. This guarantees that no food or feed crops are displaced, thus posing no risk to food security. For example, rural areas in Croatia, which have been abandoned since the war, will be cultivated. This could present an incentive (e.g. in form of jobs) for the population to return to these areas, offering a further benefit of the implementation of the new value chains.
However, in addition to positive impacts, there may also be negative social effects. In order to assess all social impacts of the implementation of the value chains, a Social Life-Cycle Assessment (S-LCA) will be conducted according to the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) guidelines. This will be done for all ten biobased value chains analysed in this project.