This is land where biophysical constraints render the yield of food or feed crops either too low, or the cultivation intensity required is too high, to be economically viable. Biophysical constraints include soils of low fertility, high clay or rock content. Economic constraints include awkward field shapes, managment restrictions e.g along water bodies and ppor infrastrucutre. Low-input crops, such as miscanthus and hemp, could be an economically feasible solution for cultivation here. Particularly in comparison to food and feed crops, these crops require considerably less inputs of, for example, fertilizers to produce adequate yields even on such difficult sites. In addition, their management is less intensive. As such, a lot less effort is required to produce the same or even higher output. This increases the farmer’s profit and, in the long run, also adds value through the efficient managing or potential recovering of such soils. The use of these lands is a promising opportunity, not only for increasing the land area available for crop cultivation, but also for strengthening the local economy.